Download Full Text (1.7 MB)
Early Life: accepts position with YMCA as science teacher at Carleton Christian College (later Lingnan University), 1920.
China Experiences: layout of the college; brief description of science curriculum; the campus mess hall; foreign faculty housing; experience with bandits; delivering secret communications for Sun Yat-sen; the Shaki Massacre, 1925; teaching at the True Light Middle School, 1939-42; interned in Hong Kong and repatriated on the Gripsholm; return to China, 1946; helping to reconstruct True Light in Canton; effects of inflation; Communist takeover in Canton, 1949; initial Communist impact in 1925; effects of Communist takeover on the narrator; leaving China in January, 1951; recent renewal of former China contacts.
Midwest China Center
YMCA, science, teacher, Carleton Christian College, Lingnan University, curriculum, faculty housing, bandits, Sun Yat-sen, Shaki Massacre, True Light Middle School, Hong Kong, Gripsholm, Canton, Communist, inflation
Refo, Henry, "Midwest China Oral History Interviews" (1980). China Oral Histories. 95.