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Father's Early Life: family background; education; receives call from Hauge Synod Mission Board, 1896; expectations of work to be done in China; the trip to Fancheng, China, 1898; brief history of the beginning of Hauge Synod's mission work in China.

Father's China Experience: initial impressions of China; parents open up new mission station in Tszhu, 1900; flight to coast due to the Boxer Rebellion; return trip to and condition of the Tszho station, 1901; origins of Hauge orphanages in Fencheng and Tszho, 1903; relationships with Chinese and efforts on behalf of those in need of help.

Early Life: memories of Anna Lee Wold; trip to an outstation; father's medical crisis; return trip to Hankow, 1910; father's schedule and the family's life together; evacuation of Fancheng because of revolution and living on a river boat, 1911; living, school and fellow missionaries on Kikungshan; memories of Anna Nelson; life in Mrs. Martinson's boarding house in Sinyang; father's philosophy toward the founding of the Lutheran Church of China; mother's death and funeral; memories of General Feng Yu-hsiang and the mass baptism of 1000 soldiers; father's response to Karl Ludwig Reichelt and Agnes Kittelsby; language development; childhood memories of the Chinese culture; experiences travelling on the river; memories of Agnes Kittelsby and Grace Soderberg; memories of the American School-Kikungshan; adjustment to life in America; values of the China experience.

Publication Date



Midwest China Center


Saint Paul


father, Hauge Synod, Fancheng, mission, Tszho, Boxer Rebellion, orphanages, Fencheng, Chinese, Anna Lee Wold, Hankow, evacuation, Kikungshan, Anna nelson, Mrs. Martinson, Sinyang, Lutheran, churc h, mother, Feng Yu-hsiang, baptism, soldiers, Karl Ludwig Reichelt, Agnes Kittelsby, Grace Soderberg, American School

Midwest China Oral History Interviews