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Early Life: father's experiences with the Boxer Rebellion; household servants; lifestyle in the German Concession; schooling in China; memories of Chinese people and their living conditions; experience at Sun Yat-sen's funeral in Peking; description of different types of military troops which moved in and out of Tientsin; anti-semitism in Germany and return to China, 1933.
Return to China: working for the Chinese National Health Administration; response to Nationalists and Communists; accepts position with Kailan Mining Administration (KMA) at Tangshan, 1936; the Japanese takeover of KMA, 1942; dealing with Japanese occupation forces while working at KMA; the Chinese civil war and quartering Communist soldiers in Tientsin, 1949; life and work at KMA under Communist rule; difficulties leaving China, 1951.
Midwest China Center
father, Boxer Rebellion, German Concession, Chinese, Sun Yat-sen, Peking, Tientsin, anti-semitism in Germany, Chinese National Health Administration, schooling, Nationalists, Communist, Kailan Mining, KMA, Tangshan, Japanese, civil war
Wolff, Ernst, "Midwest China Oral History Interviews" (1979). China Oral Histories. 69.