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Early Life: family background; education; accepted as missionary by local Presbyterian Mission Board, 1920; assigned to position of secretary-treasurer of Presbyterian Mission in Nanking; education for work in China.

China Experiences: sent to language school in Nanking; description of community work and first job in Nanking; adjustments to life in China; formation of the ecumenical Church of Christ in China, 1923; management by objectives within church organization; communication between Presbyterian Mission Board in America and field workers; key Chinese leaders in Chinese Presbyterian Church; liberal/fundamental Presbyterian theology; brief descriptions of mission church, schools and hospital in Nanking and their purposes; response to footbinding; account of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's funeral; response to Chiang Kai-shek, Communism, and Chinese nationalism; experiences during Naking incident, March, 1927; memories of Pearl S. Buck's family; improvements in Nanking during Nationalist rule, 1927-1937; evacuates to Hankow after Marco Polo Bridge Incident, 1937; description of International Red Cross Committee based in Hankow, late 1930s; return to Nanking, 1938; placed under and description of house detention by Japanese in Nanking after Pearl Harbor; Jewish refugees in Nanking; women's status in mission work; use of Chinese language in mission meetings; observation of mission work in other parts of the world; comparison of mission work in China and India; accepts position in Foochow, 1946; coping with inflation; changes in the church after WWII; effects of missionary living standards on relationships with the Chinese; growing awareness of Communism and the response of the church and individual missionaries, 1946-1948; brief biography of husband, Dr. Charles Jarvis; future of Christianity in China; response to People's Republic of China; conflicts faced by Chinese contemplating conversion to Christianity; various indicators of the indigenization process in China; lessons learned from the missionary enterprise; missionary contributions to Christianity in America; memorable missionaries and Chinese Christians.

Publication Date



Midwest China Center


Saint Paul


Presbyterian Mission, Nanking, Church of Christ, Chinese Presbyterian Church, theology, mission, Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek, Communism, nationalism, Pearl S. Buck, Hankow, Marco Polo Bridge, Red Cross, Japanese, Pearl Harbor, Jewish, women's status, Foochow, WWII, inflation, missionary, Charles Jarvis, Christianity, People's Republic of China

Midwest China Oral History Interviews