Download Full Text (3.4 MB)


Early Life: educational background; accepts position at Hopei Women's Normal College, Tientsin as English/French teacher.

China Experiences: Japanese subversive activities in Manchuria/Mongolia area, 1930s; description of trip through Mongolia, 1937; cause of Marco Polo Bridge Incident, 1937; Japanese military activity before and after Incident in Peking area; trip to British Concession in Tientsin for safety; using status as an American to aid Chinese; trip to Nanking to reunite with husband, 1937; experience with American diplomats in Nanking, 1937; trip to Hankow to escape Japanese occupation of Nanking, 1937; meets husband's family, the Lius; trip to Chungking to escape Japanese, 1938; as English teacher at Soviet Embassy in Chungking; response to Soviet diplomats; life in Chungking during Japanese bombing attacks; dealings with Kuomintang secret police; the struggle against rats; memories of Percy Watson; as staff member of the International Relief Committee (IRC); IRC problems obtaining medical supplies and fundings; inflation in Kweiyang, early 1940s; living in Hua Ch'i; work with American Library Association; work with International Refugee Organization (IRO); husband's experience with Communists obtaining exit permit from Shanghai; memory of train trip interrupted.

Publication Date



Midwest China Center


Saint Paul


Hopei Women's Normal College, Tientsin, teacher, Japanese, Manchuria, Mongolia, Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Peking, British Concession, Nanking, Hankow, Chungking, Soviet, Kuomintang, Percy Watson, International Relief Committee, IRC, Kweiyang, Hua Ch'i, Library, Refugee Organization, IRO, Communists, Shanghai

Midwest China Oral History Interviews