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Early life: family background; education; how Benedictines became involved in China at Fu Jen University, Peking; trip to Peking, 1930.

China Experiences: cultural adjustments to living in Peking; Benedictine sisters establish senior middle school for women; Chinese government requirements for bestowing the title of "university" upon Fu Jen; female students at Fu Jen; Benedictines leave Fu Jen due to financial problems; accepts position in Kaifeng, Honan; description of Benedictines working in Honan; establishment of a dispensary by the Benedictine sisters in Kaifeng; establishment and functions of the ecumenical International Relief Committee, formed 1937; Japanese take Kaifeng; internment in Kaifeng and in the Presbyterian compound at Weihsien; communications between Weihsien and the outside world; religious and other activity in Weihsien; trip to and lifestyle during internment in Peking; returns to Kaifeng at war's end to reclaim Benedictine property, 1945; difficulties resettling at mission; language study in China; memories of the Jewish community Kaifeng; Communist activity in China during the 1930s and 1940s; Benedictines leave China, 1948; work begun in Taiwan.

Publication Date



Midwest China Center


Saint Paul


Benedictine, Fu Jen University, Peking, school for women, Chinese, Kaifeng, Honan, dispensary, International Relief Committee, Japanese, internment, Presbyterian, Weihsien, mission, Jewish, Communist, Taiwan

Midwest China Oral History Interviews