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Early Life: brief description of parents' education and work in China; description of compound by Hatamen Street, Peking; relationships with Chinese servants; the international student body of the Peking American School (PAS); classes related to China at PAS; early experiences with people of different nationalities; after-school activities; memories of living in Korea during 1927 civil unrest in Peking; life at the summer resort Peitaho; church services in Peking Union Church; as a Girl Scout in Peking; adjustments to American society; various childhood experiences in Peking.

Later Life: mother's life in occupied Shanghai and in Japanese internment camp; description of three-day boat trip up Yangtze River, 1947; establishes and directs well-baby clinic in Wuchang; insights into local customs; memories of inflation; various memories of life in Wuchang; changes resulting from Communist takeover of Wuchang; experience of obtaining Communists' permission to leave China; the trip back to America; rumors associated with the Communists; various memories of time spent in China.

Publication Date



Midwest China Center


Saint Paul


Peking, Hatamen Street, Chinese servants, Peking American School, PAS, Korea, Peitaho, Peking Union Church, Girl Scout, Shanghai, Japanese internment camp, Yangtze River, well-baby clinic, Wuchang, Communist

Midwest China Oral History Interviews