Viola I. Fischer
Early Life: family background; education; called by Women's Board of Augustana Church as medical missionary, 1927.
China Experiences: trip from Peking to hospital in Hsuchang, Honan, after language school, 1931; living and working conditions in Hsuchang; memorable colleagues at Hsuchang; performing operations and common ailments treated at Hsuchang; the effects of the revival in Hsuchang; effects of the Japanese war on work at the hospital; work in Kunming after return to China in 1947; role of single women missionaries in China; response to the People's Republic of China.
Jane Armour Foster
Early Life: family background; education.
China Experiences: trip to Peking, 1939; description of College of Chinese Studies; observations of the Japanese Occupation; second journey to Peking in 1946; description of lifestyle, servants, and social life as a wife of a United States Information Service Officer.
Early Background: education; called by Episcopalian Church to Teach English at Boone College, Wuchang, 1934.
China Experiences: description of students, faculty at Boone College; memories of Anna Louise Strong and Agnes Smedley; participates in relief mission to Eighth Route Army organized by Agnes Smedley, 1938; works with hospital in Liaohsien; activities in Chungking and Chengtu with INDUSCO, the China Defense League, and the U.S. Information Service (USIS); opens USIS office in Hankow, 1945; experiences with USIS in post-war China; trip to China, 1975; response to missionaries and missionary movement; racial prejudice in China; response to American diplomacy in China; the National Peasant Movement Institute in Canton; memories of Feng Yu-hsiang.
Early Life: family background; education.
China Experiences: married woman's role in China; response to the Calvert education course; journey to Kweichow by river; living situation in Kweichow; description of Chinese students; evangelical work; relationship with other foreigners; memories of Robert McClure; experiences bearing and raising children in China; the Japanese bombing of Yuanling; memories of amah; children's adjustments to America; things gained from the China experience; work with orphans; bandit attacks on the compound.
Herbert S. Frank
Early Life: education; called by the Evangelical Brethren Church, 1918.
China Experiences: journey to station in Yuanling, Kweichow; experiences with bandits and other difficulties faced in China; evangelism in the countryside; difficulties explaining Christianity to the Chinese; contacts with other missions; famine relief work; response to extra-territoriality; journey out of China.
H. Daniel Friberg
Early Life: description of Loyang and mission compound where his parents lived; description of father's work and activities; description of father's hospital and medical practice in Loyang; memorable Chinese Christians; memories of teacher Agnes Kittelsby and the American School-Kikungshan; returns to China to work as an evangelist in Yuhsien, 1936-1941; Christianity and the Chinese culture; mission work in Africa; comparison of work in Africa with work in China.
Joseph Bertil Friberg
Early Life: teachers at American School-Kikungshan; memories of civil unrest in China; memorable missionaries; values gained from China experience; adjustments to America.
Return to China: comparison of China of his childhood to China 1976; disappointing aspects of trip; evidence of the Christian church's existence in PRC; description of Honan; description of pro-government political demonstration; the state of medicine in China; impressions of the new Chinese family; evaluation of contributions of medical missionaries; lessons learned from missionary experience; the future of mission work in China.
Anne Edwards Fulton
Early Life: brief description of parents' education and work in China; description of compound by Hatamen Street, Peking; relationships with Chinese servants; the international student body of the Peking American School (PAS); classes related to China at PAS; early experiences with people of different nationalities; after-school activities; memories of living in Korea during 1927 civil unrest in Peking; life at the summer resort Peitaho; church services in Peking Union Church; as a Girl Scout in Peking; adjustments to American society; various childhood experiences in Peking.
Later Life: mother's life in occupied Shanghai and in Japanese internment camp; description of three-day boat trip up Yangtze River, 1947; establishes and directs well-baby clinic in Wuchang; insights into local customs; memories of inflation; various memories of life in Wuchang; changes resulting from Communist takeover of Wuchang; experience of obtaining Communists' permission to leave China; the trip back to America; rumors associated with the Communists; various memories of time spent in China.
Robert Brank Fulton
Early Life: family background; education; accepts teaching position from Yale-in-China program.
China Experiences: teaching English at Changsha; response to extra-territoriality; description of the foreign community in Changsa; description of students' goals, political activity and attitudes toward Christianity; impressions of Sherwood Eddy; awareness of Japanese build-up in northern China; teaching at Yencheng University and working with the Yenta Christian Fellowship; impressions of John Leighton Stuart; Christianity and the needs of a modernizing China; awareness of the Chinese Communists; trip to Free China, 1940; accepts position as representative of Yale-in-China Board of Trustees, 1943; trip to Changsha after V-J Day; reconstructive activity in Changsa; accepts teaching position at Huachung University; Wuchang, 1947; inflation in China; tensions at Huachung University and the Communist takeover of Wuchang; U.S.-China relations after WWII; experiences leaving China; 1950; impact of China experiences.
Early Life: education; assigned to Pacific theater of WWII, 1943.
China Experiences: given command of Army Air Corps Weather Central Station at Chengtu; description of weather-information-gathering stations in China; response to military service during WWII; impression of American attitude toward Chinese during WWII; assessment of Chinese military situation; impression of corruption in Nationalist government; leaves China, 1945; response to Mao and Communists during time spent in China; memorable military figures in China; response to China missionaries; the future of sino-western relations.
Early Life: education; called by the Lutheran United Mission Board, 1919, to teach at the American School-Kikungshan (ASK).
China Experiences: trip to China; description of time spent in the International Hospital in Hankow; journey from Hankow to Kikungshan; memories of bandit activity; memories of General Feng Yu-hsiang; arrival at ASK; general description of living conditions and work at ASK; other schools in Kikungshan; memories of Agnes Kittelsby and other ASK faculty members; tragic moments at ASK; women's place in mission work; evacuating ASK, 1929; re-establishment of ASK at Kuling; memories of Chiang Kai-shek; closing of ASK, 1941; description of living conditions in the Philippines while interned by the Japanese during WWII; released, 1945; trip to China to re-open ASK in Sinyang, 1946; general description of ASK in Sinyang.
Clemens M. Granskou
Early Life: education; called by Board of Foreign Missions of the Norwegian Lutheran Church in America; common American perceptions of China at time of departure for China, 1921.
China Experiences: language school in Peking; layout of Kikungshan communnity; description of mission stations visited in 1922; issues facing the Lutheran United Mission (LUM) Conference of 1922; brief biographies of some Chinese leaders associated with LUM; brief history and comments on ecumenical and indigenous church movements; assignment to Kwangshan station; history of and response to extra-territoriality; experiences with bandits; brief description of Sun Yat-sen's rise to power and his principles of government; the most important military leaders of China during the 1920s; differences between American and Chinese cultures; experiences with Feng Yu-hsiang; response to Chiang Kai-shek; participating in an anti-foreign demonstration at Kwangshan, 1925; assigned to be principal of the American School-Kikungshan (ASK); experience with Nationalist troops on Kikungshan, 1927; purpose of Christian-sponsored education; evaluation of missionary work in China, 1807-1927; the International Student Christian Convention in Peking, 1922; insights into the history of Chinese civilization; effects of the mission movement upon Christianity in America; future of missions in China.
Ella Odland Granskou
Early Life: family background; education; went to China under the direction of the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America, 1921.
China Experiences: trip to Peking Language School; description of Peking Language School; trips to places near Peking; description of Kikungshan; description of Kwangshan; memories of a robber band; memories of Sinyang and missionary, Bernard Hoff, killed by robbers; recalls experiences with Chinese women in her home; Clemons Granskou and church members; memories of amahs; ride on horseback; comments on being a missionary's wife; describes Kuomintang Army on Kikungshan, 1926; trip out of China, 1927.
Anders B. Hanson
Early Life: family background; parents' work in Loyang; warlord activity in Loyang during childhood; various American School-Kikungshan (ASK) teachers; exploration of the high rate of ASK graduates who entered mission work; the spiritual nature of the ASK student body; exposure to Chinese culture received at ASK; response to life as a missionary's child.
Return to China: memories of Peking Language School, California; problems of post-war church; comments upon arrival at station in Honan, 1946; memorable Chinese co-workers; new ideas brought by new missionaries to post-war China; experiences with Communists in Honan; trip to Kunming after expulsion from Honan by Communists; work in Kunming; Chinese response to Communism; coping with inflation in Kunming.
Constance Twedt Hanson
Early Life: family background; education; accepted by Evangelical Lutheran Church Mission Board, 1945.
China Experiences: brief description of medical and mission personnel at Kioshan; issues discussed at Kioshan missionary conference, 1946; description of mission and medical personnel at Sinyang; health problems treated at the clinic; perceptions of the Chinese response to Communists and Nationalists; response to the use of medicine to spread the gospel; housing and hospital conditions at Sinyang; the decision to evacuate Sinyang; various observations of Nanking; causes of student unrest in Nanking; work at the Holy Light Clinic in Shanghai and description of Shanghai; assigned to work in Kunming, 1948; working with opium addicts in Kunming; memories of Daniel Nelson; evacuation to Hong Kong, 1948; lessons learned from China experiences; memorable missionaries and Chinese Christians.
Early Life: family background; education; accepted as missionary by Evangelical Lutheran Church Mission Board, 1947.
China Experiences: adjusting to life in Peking; effects of civil war upon Peking; experiences with inflation; travels to Kuling and Shanghai; trip to and experiences at Lutheran mission compound at Sinyang; experiences as principal of American School-Kikungshan (Hong Kong), 1948-1949; closes ASK, June 1949; evaluates effects of living in China; missionaries interfere with indigenous church after WWII; response to Daniel Nelson, Jr.; response to the Kuomingtang; response to the People's Republic of China (PRC); suggestions for future church policies toward PRC; analysis of possible psychological origin of anti-Communist feelings of many missionaries; contribution of missionary endeavor to American Christianity and way of life.
Early Life: family background; preparation for work in China; accepted as missionary by Reformed Church in the U.S. Board, 1921.
China Experiences: adjusting to China; experiences during language school in Nanking and transfer, through marriage, to Methodist Mission; involvement and activities with various groups in Wuhu, Anhwei; infant care reforms in Wuhu; Methodist hospital and elementary school in Wuhu; work with Chinese Bible women; visit of Charles and Anne Lindbergh; the flood of 1931 and associated relief efforts; social activities in Wuhu; positive and negative effects upon daughter as a result of being raised in China; adjusting to life in America after experiences in China; response to political persons/groups prominent during civil unrest of late 1920s and early 1930s; lessons learned from China experience; husband's work and responsibilities; response to the People's Republic of China; future of the church in China; memorable Chinese Christians.
Paul G. Hayes
Early Life: family background; education; accepted as missionary by Methodist Board of Missions.
China Experiences: language school at Nanking University; work at Wuhu, Anhwei, as district superintendent and secretary; work toward an indigenous church; emphasis on the social gospel; bandit activity; responses to various Chinese political figures; response to extra-territoriality; living conditions in Wuhu; fundamentalist and liberal approaches to mission work; impact of denominationalism in China; Methodist expectations of Chinese Christians; lessons learned from mission endeavor; contributions of mission endeavor to Christianity in U.S.; response to People's Republic of China; future of mission work in China; memorable personalities from China.
Catherine Reynolds Hertz
Early Life: family background; education; corresponding with brother living in China; called by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mission.
China Experiences: social interaction in Fenchow between missionaries and Chinese; work in Fenchow's kindergarten; leaves China due to military disturbances of 1927.
Early Life: family background; brief history of early days of Carleton-in-China program; accepted as English teacher by Carleton-in-China program; trip to China, 1924.
China Experiences: adjustments to life in China; relationships with Chinese faculty and students; extra-curricular activities at school; perceived response of Chinese students to Westerners, nationalism, and Christianity; travel experience in China; the impact of living in China.
Early Life: education; serves with Friends Ambulance Unity (FAU) in Europe and Mid-East, 1944-45.
China Experiences: evaluates preparation for work in China; adjustments to life in China; stationed at Kutsing Hospital, Honan; evaluation of health problems, availability of medical supplies and health care in post-WWII China; assigned to Medical Team 19 (MT 19); stationed at International Peace Hospital, Yenan, 1946; response to various foreigners encountered during time in China; general description of Yenan area and the spirit of Yenan's inhabitants; contacts with the leadership of Yenan; anti-Kuomintang and American sentiment in Yenan; land reform in Yenan; coping with pregnancy in Yenan; adapting to shortage of medical supplies in Yenan; the Chinese perspective on nursing as a profession; greatest satisfaction from work in China; experiences with traditional Chinese medicine; general description of Chinese co-workers; rest relaxation in China; impact and value of the China experience; leaves China, 1948; describes experiences to British Broadcasting Company in producing public information about People's Republic of China.
Agnes Holstad Hyde
Early Life: family background; education; called by the Norwegian Lutheran Church.
China Experiences: teaching with Agnes Kittelsby at the American School-Kikungshan; a memorable Chinese friend; evacuating the school due to military disturbances; effects of China experience on outlook and perspective.
Anna Moffet Jarvis
Early Life: family background; education; accepted as missionary by local Presbyterian Mission Board, 1920; assigned to position of secretary-treasurer of Presbyterian Mission in Nanking; education for work in China.
China Experiences: sent to language school in Nanking; description of community work and first job in Nanking; adjustments to life in China; formation of the ecumenical Church of Christ in China, 1923; management by objectives within church organization; communication between Presbyterian Mission Board in America and field workers; key Chinese leaders in Chinese Presbyterian Church; liberal/fundamental Presbyterian theology; brief descriptions of mission church, schools and hospital in Nanking and their purposes; response to footbinding; account of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's funeral; response to Chiang Kai-shek, Communism, and Chinese nationalism; experiences during Naking incident, March, 1927; memories of Pearl S. Buck's family; improvements in Nanking during Nationalist rule, 1927-1937; evacuates to Hankow after Marco Polo Bridge Incident, 1937; description of International Red Cross Committee based in Hankow, late 1930s; return to Nanking, 1938; placed under and description of house detention by Japanese in Nanking after Pearl Harbor; Jewish refugees in Nanking; women's status in mission work; use of Chinese language in mission meetings; observation of mission work in other parts of the world; comparison of mission work in China and India; accepts position in Foochow, 1946; coping with inflation; changes in the church after WWII; effects of missionary living standards on relationships with the Chinese; growing awareness of Communism and the response of the church and individual missionaries, 1946-1948; brief biography of husband, Dr. Charles Jarvis; future of Christianity in China; response to People's Republic of China; conflicts faced by Chinese contemplating conversion to Christianity; various indicators of the indigenization process in China; lessons learned from the missionary enterprise; missionary contributions to Christianity in America; memorable missionaries and Chinese Christians.
Kurt Eric Johnson
A Guide to the Collection: project director's dedication; indexer's dedication; forward; using the collection; collection background; established procedures; significance of the project; utilization of the resources; project as a catalyst; conclusion.
Kurt Eric Johnson