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Early Life: family background; education; accepted as missionary by Methodist Board of Missions.
China Experiences: language school at Nanking University; work at Wuhu, Anhwei, as district superintendent and secretary; work toward an indigenous church; emphasis on the social gospel; bandit activity; responses to various Chinese political figures; response to extra-territoriality; living conditions in Wuhu; fundamentalist and liberal approaches to mission work; impact of denominationalism in China; Methodist expectations of Chinese Christians; lessons learned from mission endeavor; contributions of mission endeavor to Christianity in U.S.; response to People's Republic of China; future of mission work in China; memorable personalities from China.
Midwest China Center
Methodist, Nanking University, Wuhu, Anhwei, indigenous church, social gospel, extra-territoriality, denominationalism, Chinese Christians, mission, Christianity, People's Republic of China
Hayes, Paul G., "Midwest China Oral History Interviews" (1977). China Oral Histories. 35.