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Early Life: family background; education; called by Women's Board of Augustana Church as medical missionary, 1927.
China Experiences: trip from Peking to hospital in Hsuchang, Honan, after language school, 1931; living and working conditions in Hsuchang; memorable colleagues at Hsuchang; performing operations and common ailments treated at Hsuchang; the effects of the revival in Hsuchang; effects of the Japanese war on work at the hospital; work in Kunming after return to China in 1947; role of single women missionaries in China; response to the People's Republic of China.
Midwest China Center
hospital, Hsuchang, Japanese, Kunming, single women missionaries, People's Republic of China
Fischer, Viola I., "Midwest China Oral History Interviews" (1978). China Oral Histories. 31.